Severe weather episode June 20-21A Mesoscale Convection System (MCS) brought severe weather to the state overnight during Thursday and Friday this week (June 20-21). This complex of thunderstorms produced some hail that ranged from 1 inch to one and three-quarter inch diameter, along with some wind gusts from 60-85 mph, especially in western and central parts of the state where many trees were damage. There were numerous power outages reported, along with some very heavy rainfalls that caused flash flooding in a several Minnesota counties. Many roads were closed for a time. Some of the rainfall amounts reported included:
3.56" at Hawley
3.41 inches at Sandstone
3.73 inches at Little Falls
2.63 inches at Brainerd
2.57 inches at Cloquet
2.25 inches at Staples
Yet more rain with warm air and high dewpoints is forecasted for the upcoming weekend across Minnesota.
New Seasonal Climate OutlookThe NOAA Climate Prediction Center released a new seasonal climate outlook on Thursday this week, covering the period from July through September. The western USA is expected to be warmer than normal while much of the rest of the country, including Minnesota sees equal chances of being warmer or cooler than normal during the ENSO neutral period. The southeastern USA is expected to be wetter than normal over this period, while the northwest and parts of west Texas and Oklahoma are expected to be dry. For much of the country, including Minnesota, the outlook shows equal chances for wetter or drier than normal. Certainly our recent summer climate trends suggest we'll see both wetter and drier than normal conditions prevail, but in different parts of the state.
90s F ReturnThursday, June 20 brought plenty of heat and moisture to the state as dewpoints rose into the low to mid 60s F and late afternoon temperatures reached 90 degrees F at many locations including Red Wing, Luverne, Marshall, Worthington, Mankato, Olivia, and Jackson. The Twin Cities, along with St James and Willmar reported a high temperature of 91 degrees F. This was the second episode of 90s F in 2013 for many southern Minnesota observers, and the warmest day since the record-setting high temperatures of May 14 last month. The high dewpoints provided fuel for thunderstorm development and some of the state was under a flash flood watch going into Friday, June 21st. Some of these Minnesota cities under a flash flood watch were Duluth, Cloquet, and Two Harbors, all of which suffered from the devastating floods of almost exactly one year ago.
June 21st Summer Solstice Frost of 1992This date is a memorable one in Minnesota history as the only summer solstice that brought damage frost to the state's corn and soybean crops. The Mt Pinatubo eruption in the Philippines during 1991 was later attributed to be one of the causes of this event which turned out to a singularity in Minnesota's climate history. Temperatures as cold as 25 degrees F (Brimson) were reported in the north, but even as far south as Preston, Theilman and Zumbrota reported 33 degrees F with frost in low spots. Some corn fields were severely damaged and later only harvested for silage. Soybeans leaves mostly burned by the frost recovered and produced even pods and beans for harvest, but the yields were not very good.
Weekly Weather potpourriTropical Storm Barry was producing heavy rainfall amounts over parts of central Mexico this week. Some areas had received 3 to 5 inches of rainfall in a short period of time. But Barry was slowly dissipating by Friday of this week.
Tropical Storm Bebinca was tracking toward Vietnam this week packing 50-60 mph winds and producing sea wave heights of 15 to 20 feet. It was expected to bring heavy rains to Hanoi over the weekend as it dissipates over land.
Calgary, Canada was hit with a major flooding this week of nearby rivers and streams as a large scale storm system brought six or more inches of rainfall to some areas. It was some of the worst flooding there in a decade and caused the evacuation of up to 75,000 citizens due to the threat of high water.
MPR listener questionSince this week was the one-year anniversary of the devastating flash floods in Duluth, Two Harbors, and Moose Lake I wondered how the maximum rainfall intensity of that storm compared to the famous Twin Cities flash flood of July 23, 1987 (10 inches in 6 hours)?
Answer: The USGS has just finished a thorough report of the flash flood in northeastern Minnesota over June 19-20, 2012. It is available online.
Comparing maximum rainfall rates of the two storms is approximate, not precise. But the data suggest that the maximum intensity during the Twin Cities flash flood of July 23, 1987 ranged from 2.5 to 3.0 inches per hour. Analysis of the overnight rainfall rates from the June 19-20, 2012 flash flood in the Duluth area last year suggest that maximum rainfall rates ranged from 2 to 4 inches. These are remarkable intensities, perhaps on the order of once in 100 or 200 year rainfall rates, and certainly analogous to those measured during powerful tropical storms.
Twin Cities Almanac for June 21stThe average MSP high temperature for this date is 79 degrees F (plus or minus 8 degrees F standard deviation), while the average low is 60 degrees F (plus or minus 7 degrees F standard deviation).
MSP Local Records for June 21stMSP weather records for this date include: highest daily maximum temperature of 95 degrees F in 1910; lowest daily maximum temperature of 59 degrees F in 1906; lowest daily minimum temperature of 39 F in 1992; highest daily minimum temperature of 74 F in 1943; and record precipitation of 2.95 inches in 2002; No snow has been recorded on this date.
Average dew point for June 21st is 56 degrees F, with a maximum of 75 degrees F in 1986 and a minimum of 26 degrees F in 1992.
All-time state records for June 21stThe state record high temperature for this date is 107 degrees F at Browns Valley (Traverse County) in 1988. The state record low temperature for this date is 25 degrees F at Sawbill Camp (Cook County) in 1936 an at Brimson (St Louis County) in 1992. State record precipitation for this date is 6.25 inches at West Union (Todd County) in 1941; and no snow has fallen on this date.
Past Weather Features:June 21, 1988 was the hottest in Minnesota history bringing temperatures of 90 degrees F or greater to over 100 cities in the state. Many observers reported record-setting high temperatures of 100 degrees F or greater, including nearly all the climate observers in southwestern counties. June of 1988 proved to be the 2nd warmest in state history, with numerous days over 90 degrees F.
June 21, 2009 brought three tornadoes to Faribault County and one to Freeborn County. These tornadoes occurred between 7:00 pm and 8:30 pm and all were on the ground for less than 2 miles. Little damage was reported. These four were among only 24 tornadoes reported that year in Minnesota.