Record Warmth This Week:
Hard to believe that the temperature was -40 F at Cotton, MN last week. Monday, March 10th brought record warm temperatures to many parts of the state. Bright sunny skies, the absence of snow cover, and south winds produced record afternoon high temperatures motivating many people to take a walk or afternoon bike ride. Some of those record high temperatures included:
69 F at Amboy;
67F at New Ulm;
66 F in the Twin Cities (tied the record from 2012), Luverne, Waseca, Tracy, and Windom;
65F at Marshall;
63F at Pipestone, Theilman, and Worthington (tied the record from 1900);
61F at St Cloud, Aitkin, and Moose Lake;
59F at Madison;
58F at Grand Forks, ND, Duluth, Fargo (tied 1911), Browns Valley, and Grand Portage;
57F at Cloquet and Ada;
56F at Wheaton and Brainerd (tied 1977)
The unusual warmth persisted, keeping overnight temperatures in the 30s F which melted snow cover, and began to thaw the soils. Yet more record high temperatures were reached on Thursday, March 12th, including:
70 °F at Luverne
68 °F at Windom
67 °F at Browns Valley and Lamberton
66 °F at Redwood Falls (tied 1910)
56 °F at International Falls
77 °F at Sioux Falls, SD
63 °F at Fargo, ND
Many soils in southern and western counties have lost frost down to 6-8 inches, while there is still a deeper layer of frost that will take more time to thaw out.
Farmers Thinking of Planting Season:
The onset of spring-like weather has many Minnesota farmers thinking about field work. The U2U (Useful to Usable) Extension specialists in the Midwest have updated their quarterly newsletter with many tips for farmers to consider in planting and fertilizing this year's crop. An array of information and resources can be found at the U2U Web Site. More specifically a tool to assess corn planting and development can be found there as well.
Loss of Arctic Sea Ice:
The National Snow and Ice Data Center recently showed the downward trend in Arctic Sea ice which has prevailed throughout the winter of 2014-2015. The overall extent of sea ice going into the month of March was at a record low, as shown in their graphic.
Weekly Weather Potpourri:
NOAA scientists produced a recent discussion related to the question, "are record snowstorms proof that global warming isn't happening?" Their answer is emphatically NO! They offer a full explanation for this on their web site along with a variety of other climate perspectives via Climate.Govhttp://climate.gov/.
Also available from NOAA this week is an interesting article written by Dr. Dennis Hartmann of the University of Washington Department of Atmospheric Sciences. He writes about the linkage between climate patterns in the Pacific Ocean sea surface temperatures (SSTs) and the recent weather patterns across North America, most notably the past two winters. One of his conclusions is...."while we are fairly sure that tropical SSTs are the apparent cause of the unusual nature of our past couple of winters, we do not know for sure whether this is just part of the natural variability of climate, or whether climate change is favoring the positive phase of the North Pacific Mode of SST variability."
Four Tropical Cyclones were being tracked in the Pacific Ocean this week. The most powerful storm was named Pam was north of the islands of New Caledonia producing wind speeds up to 160 mph and sea wave heights of 45-50 feet. It was expected to bring damaging winds, high seas, and heavy rains to these islands this weekend before dissipating at sea north of Auckland, New Zealand early next week. A flood watch was in effect along the coastal regions of northeastern Queensland in Australia due to the presence of Tropical Storm Nathan. Thankfully it was expected to move east out to sea over the weekend. On the western coast of Australia, near Learmonth Tropical Storm Olwyn was bringing heavy rains and strong winds. It was expected to move towards Perth over the weekend. And a 4th weather system, Tropical Storm Bavi was in the North Pacific Ocean gaining strength and moving towards Guam. It was expected to remain modest in scale, but bring significant rains to Guam early next week.
The EPA has released a new climate adaptation tool kit module called "Flood Resilience: A Basic Guide for Water and Wastewater Utilities." It is available online and may be of interest to a number of communities in Minnesota.
The United Kingdom Meteorological Office announced this week a new forecasting service for the construction industries. This site specific weather information comes in two forms: located-based monthly planning averages; and location-based monthly downtime summaries. It is expected to be a popular service as the spring-time construction season gets underway.
In Earth and Space Science News this week (EOS) is an excellent discussion about high latitude volcanic eruptions and their impact on climate anomalies. Their signal is clearly detectable.
MPR Listener Question:
How often are the winds calm in Minnesota?
When wind speed is less than 1 mph the observation is noted as "calm." In the absence of an anemometer, some observations of wind are recorded based on the Beaufort wind scale. On the Beaufort wind scale, when smoke is observed to rise vertically or the sea surface or lake surface is mirror-like, the wind is recorded as "calm."
The frequency of calm conditions varies significantly around the state. For the Twin Cities the local climate records from the MSP airport show that a calm wind condition is reported only about 1.4 percent of the time, or about 123 hours per year. The month of highest frequency is July, when nearly 2.4 percent of the time a calm wind condition is reported. The month with the lowest frequency is January with 0.8 percent occurrence of calms. For the current month March, the frequency of calm is only about 1.2 percent of the time. In terms of the daily pattern of wind speed, calms are reported most frequently between 11 pm and 5 am, especially in the summer months of July and August.
Twin Cities Almanac for March 13th:
The average MSP high temperature for this date is 36 degrees F (plus or minus 11 degrees F standard deviation), while the average low is 21 degrees F (plus or minus 12 degrees F standard deviation).
MSP Local Records for March 13th:
MSP weather records for this date include: highest daily maximum temperature of 67 degrees F in 2012; lowest daily maximum temperature of 12 degrees F in 1906, 1920, and 1932; lowest daily minimum temperature is -9 degrees F in 1895; highest daily minimum temperature of 46 F in 1995; record precipitation of 0.78 inches 2006; and record snowfall is 9.9 inches in 2006.
Average dew point for March 13th is 22 degrees F, with a maximum of 54 degrees F in 1995 and a minimum of -11 degrees F in 1960.
All-Time State Records for March 13th:
The state record high temperature for this date is 77 degrees F at Mankato (Blue Earth County) in 1990. The state record low temperature for this date is -36 degrees F at Campbell (Wilkin County) in 1896 and at Embarrass (St Louis County) in 2009. State record precipitation for this date is 1.85 inches at Winona (Winona County) in 1997; and the state record snowfall for this date is 18.0 inches at Duluth in 1917 and at Cloquet (Carlton County) in 1940.